What do the Waterproof Ratings for Electronic Equipment mean?
A two-digit number (as specified in Australian Standards AS60529 and EN60529) is used to provide an IP Rating to a piece of electronic equipment or to an enclosure for electronic equipment.
The two digits represent two different forms of environmental influence:
- The first digit represents protection against ingress of solid objects
- The second digit represents protection against ingress of liquids
The larger the value of each digit, the greater the protection from that influence. As an example, a product such as the Icom IC-M33 is rated IPX7, which would be better protected against environmental factors than another similar product that was only rated as IP54.
First DigitProtection against ingress of solids
Second DigitProtection against ingress of liquids
|Protected against solid objects over 50mm e.g. hands, large tools
|Protected against vertically falling drops of water.
|Protected against solid objects over 12mm e.g. hands, large tools
|Protected against direct sprays of water up to 15° from vertical.
|Protected against solid objects over 2.5mm e.g. wire, small tools
|Protected against direct sprays of water up to 60° from vertical.
|Protected against solid objects over 1.0mm e.g. wires
|Protected against water sprayed from any direction. Limited ingress permitted.
|Limited protection against dust ingress (no harmful deposit)
|Protected against low pressure water jets from any direction. Limited ingress permitted.
|Totally protected against dust ingress.
|Protected against high pressure water jets from any direction. Limited ingress permitted.
|Protected against immersion between 15cm and 1M.
|Protected against long periods of immersion under pressure.